Current Issue

  • ماحولیاتی آلودگی اورہماری ذمہ داریاں :سیرت النبی ﷺ کی روشنی میں ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ

    Dr. Tayyaba Razzaq

    ABSTRACT
    Environment is one of these basic needs of entire living being.
    Man puts his personal interests in the fore front for his selfishness
    even though he knows that his deeds are harmful to other living
    species on this planet. Environmental protection is a practice of
    protecting the natural environment on individual, organizational
    or governmental levels, for the benefits of both the natural
    environment and humans. Due to over population, undue
    interference, exploitation of natural resources and industrial
    technology’ the physical environment is being degraded.
    Scientists and Governments are trying to overcome this problem.
    Academic institutions offering courses, such as environmental
    studies, environmental engineering, that teach the history and
    methods of environment protection. But up till now concrete
    measures has not been taken to save the essential of life like Air,
    Water, Soil contamination, light, Noise etc.Islam as being the
    Natural religion gives the solution of this problem and leads the
    mankind how he can save and protect the environment from
    being polluted and live a happy and healthy life. Moreover’ the
    root cause of this is ignorance, harmful activities to environment
    and lack of fairness of God. If fear of God dwells in human heart,
    man will not harm others for personal interests.
    This article is aimed to highlight the teachings and
    instructions of Islam about protection of environment. As the
    Muslim communities consisted upon a large section of the
    world population, so if they adopt these Islamic universal laws
    & principles, constructive changes can be brought in global
    environment permanently. This paper looks at the importance
    of the environment in the main sources of Islamic instruction,
    namely the Quran and Prophet’s Hadiths. These texts turn out
    to be on the side of conservation, the emphasis being on
    respect for creation, the protection of the natural order and
    avoidance of all wasteful activities which may cause injury to
    the environment.
    Keywords: Islam; Pollution; Nature, Environmental
    Protection, Natural Resources

  • مصادر سیرت کی تاریخیت پر ابتدائی مغربی تنقیدی رجحانات

    Samia Athar
    Dr Muhammad Feroz-ud-Din Shah

    ABSTRACT
    The academic and scholarly study of Sirah of Hazrat
    Muhammad (SAW) began in the west during the first
    half of the 19th century AD when western scholars
    discovered and edited some manuscripts of fundamental
    Islamic Sirah sources. However, western writers were
    not satisfied with these Islamic Sirah sources. They
    argued that most of the hadith material reflect later
    developments of Islam and hence must not be used as a
    historical source for the time of Muhammad (SAW)
    himself. This skepticism was embraced by several
    western scholars who were concerned with the original
    Islamic Sirah sources. As a result, three main groups
    about Sirah sources came into being. The first group was
    ready to accept the Islamic traditions as the original Sirah
    source unless there was any criticism regarding the
    narrator. The second group rejected the Islamic traditions
    and emphasized to reconstruct early Islamic history using
    non-muslim sources. The third group believed in the
    literary criticism of available Islamic Sirah sources. The
    article aims to review the skeptical tendencies about
    Islamic Sirah sources that emerged from time to time in
    western scholarship.
    Keywords: manuscripts, western scholarship, sirah
    sources, skeptical tendencies

  • اردو کتب سیرت کی فہارس۔ ایک تجزیہ، ایک تعارف

    Dr. Syed Aziz Ul Rehman

    ABSTRACT
    The tradition of writing on seerat un nabi is very old and there
    are many books which give their introduction of different
    books on seerat or provide index of different books and their
    time and age. An Analysis on these books is very important
    for the study of Urdu seerat nigari. This study analyse and
    introduce different books on the subject and also include
    analysis of books which only introduces different books on
    seerat or secondarily include index and list of seerat books .
    Some books on seerat include the entire life of Prophet
    Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam but many of them only
    focus on different aspects of his life. It is difficult to explore
    each and every aspect of Seerat as it covers every possible
    aspect of human life. History of Hijaz, Mecca and Madina
    travelogues etc. are also the part of seerat nigari .
    This paper presents the index and books in chronological
    order so that the evolution of the indexes and books will be
    highlight. Furthermore, this paper discusses only Urdu books
    on seerat and does not include letters and their respective lists .

  • ابتكار المواهب وصقلها في ضوء السيرة النبوية

    Dr. Kafait Ullah Hamdani

    ABSTRACT
    The Prophet Hazrat Muhammad SAAW is the greatest
    and noblest teacher, the world has ever seen. The Quran
    proclaims that he was chosen by Allah as mercy to all
    creations, an excellent role model who was possessed of
    the most exalted character. He successfully taught and
    conveyed the message of Islam to the people of Arabia
    and inculcated the basic qualities of morality &
    leadership in his companions. He innovated and refining
    the talents and basic characteristics in his friends and
    students. This article deals with the principles related to
    human relations, the researchers made the biography of
    the Prophet Hazrat Muahmmad SAAW a basis and role
    model for deducing and deriving the principles of
    relationships; the principle of discovering capabilities,
    the principle of choosing the right person for right job,
    the principle of appreciating potentials. The method
    used for this research was deductive, analytical and
    applied. The purpose of this study is to highlight the
    prophetic approach in creating and refining the talent of
    the companions. This article found the excellent
    examples & results in this regard.
    Key Words: Creating & Refining, Talents, Capabilities,
    Potentials, Deducing.

  • Hydro-Resource Management and Conservation in the Teachings of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)

    Dr. Muhammad Hafeez ur Rahman

    ABSTRACT
    The world is facing a severe disquietude about water scarcity, which is feared to lead to not only local or global chaos and conflicts, but also to bloody “war on waters”. Scarcity and misuse of fresh water pose a serious and growing threat to sustainable development and protection of the environment, and the humans as well.
    Islam as the second largest religion on the planet, with The Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.)as the sole means and source of Divine guidance from Allah Almighty, lead us to the understanding of importance of the
    Prophetic injunctions regarding the management and conservation of the hydro-resources. The scope of this article is to inquire and elaborate the above mentioned point, for which verses from the Holy Qur’an, along with qoutations from Ahadith and Seerah literature have been taken as data and studied. The article ends with the conclusion that: The injunctions of the Holy Qur’an, and the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.), clearly teach about the importance of water for life on earth, both for humans and animals as well. Various Ahadith of the Holy Prophet(P.B.U.H.) teach about the water management for human needs and agricultural use, local and transboundary management, even for animals; with prohibitions regarding monopolizing, polluting, and wastage of precious hydro-resources. It was recommended for further study that: A comparative study should be conducted to get acquainted by the teachings of other religions about the subject, and The teachings of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) should be explored and brought to surface regarding the management and conservation of other natural resources with collective environmental protection and preservation. The qualitative approach is adopted in this analytical study. The published authentic data including, academic books, websites (after careful evaluation and assurance of their validity and reliability), alongside the Holy Qur’an and the books of Ahadith primarily, were used during the study. In addition, the academic consultation with senior scholars was also involved in this important study.
    Key words: Hydro, Resource, Management, Conservation, Teachings,
    Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.)

  • A Critical Analysis of Orientalist’s on Economic Resources of Holy Prophet (ﷺ)

    Dr. Farhat Aziz

    ABSTRACT
    This research paper deals with the criticism of Western
    scholars on economic resources of Holy Prophet (ﷺ) in the
    light of Islamic inheritance. Orientalist’s have refused to
    acknowledge the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) as the last Prophet
    of Allah Almighty. They are trying their horizontal best to
    reject the Islamic faith i.e. Qur’an. Muhammad as a prophet.
    They have assisted all their efforts to prove for this purpose
    that Qur’an is not the book of Allah and consequently the
    Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) as a fictitious Prophet. The purpose
    of this research paper is to provide authentic information on
    the economic resources of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) and his
    family, In this paper, the debate about the provision of the
    Orientalists criticism on economic resources is divided
    under a few subtitles so that the whole picture emerges.
    Some of the orientalists believe that the economic condition
    of the Prophet (ﷺ) was severe and weak from the beginning,
    He (ﷺ) had lived his life in compassion and depends on
    others, After marrying Hazrat Khadija, her wealth improved
    His (ﷺ) economic life and the livelihood. Another economic
    resource of the Messenger of Allah was only booty.
    However, some other orientalists believe that Prophet of
    Allah belongs from a rich family but He ﷺ) had sacrificed
    his wealth for the mission of Allah. These sorts of point of
    view by orientalists have been analyzed in this research by
    consulting the non – Muslim authors’ books and the basic
    sources of Islamic Inheritance.
    Key Words: Critical, Analysis, Orientalist’s, Economic,
    Resources, Holy Prophet.

  • Prophetic Guiding Principles for Human Behavior Related to Air (Atmosphere) as an Element of Our Environment

    Sumaira Nawaz

    ABSTRACT
    Environment is one of the concerning issues not only for
    human being but for each organism that is being discussed
    today on global level. The climate change policy is issued
    and discussed worldwide due to the threats related to the
    global warming. Pakistan has also been releasing climate
    change policies especially about air and its contamination on
    yearly basis by the ministry of climate change. However,
    such policies have not been brought into practice by the
    individuals in an effective manner. As human are closely
    attached to environmental issues so their environmental
    behaviours are co- responsible for its degradation. However,
    the main concerns of Islam about environmental behaviours
    toward its followers are presented precisely in present
    research. The main purpose of present paper is to explore
    current environmental issues especially related to air and its
    impact on climate as well as global warming. The paper
    examines human behaviours related to air and its
    significance. Some Prophetic guiding principles for human
    behaviours related to air (Atmosphere) as an element of our
    environment are thrashed out with its application in present
    research. That is quite caring and friendly to environment
    like modern environmental Studies. The paper has
    descriptive and interpretivist method followed by content
    (text) analysis. Islam pays special concern to the safety of
    nature and natural recourses. It shows how people should
    deal with such natural recourses while producing,
    consuming and distributing them. It particularly develops
    moral awareness so that every individual must act as
    environment friendly.
    Keywords: Environmental behaviours, Prophetic guidance,
    global warming, climate change, Air pollution