مصادر سیرت کی تاریخیت پر ابتدائی مغربی تنقیدی رجحانات

Samia Athar
Dr Muhammad Feroz-ud-Din Shah

ABSTRACT
The academic and scholarly study of Sirah of Hazrat
Muhammad (SAW) began in the west during the first
half of the 19th century AD when western scholars
discovered and edited some manuscripts of fundamental
Islamic Sirah sources. However, western writers were
not satisfied with these Islamic Sirah sources. They
argued that most of the hadith material reflect later
developments of Islam and hence must not be used as a
historical source for the time of Muhammad (SAW)
himself. This skepticism was embraced by several
western scholars who were concerned with the original
Islamic Sirah sources. As a result, three main groups
about Sirah sources came into being. The first group was
ready to accept the Islamic traditions as the original Sirah
source unless there was any criticism regarding the
narrator. The second group rejected the Islamic traditions
and emphasized to reconstruct early Islamic history using
non-muslim sources. The third group believed in the
literary criticism of available Islamic Sirah sources. The
article aims to review the skeptical tendencies about
Islamic Sirah sources that emerged from time to time in
western scholarship.
Keywords: manuscripts, western scholarship, sirah
sources, skeptical tendencies

Permanent link to this article: http://jss.aiou.edu.pk/?p=1192